PHY688.01 Spring 2017: Gravitational Lensing



Description: Imagine a galaxy, behind another galaxy. Think you won’t see it? Think again. The mass of the galaxy in front distorts spacetime, causing the light of the galaxy behind to bend around it. The background galaxy will appear distorted, magnified, and may even be imaged multiple times - the foreground galaxy is acting as a lens.

Gravitational lensing has become one of the most powerful tools to study the Universe: it is the prime method to study the properties of dark matter on scales of galaxies and galaxy clusters; it can provide the statistically most representative census of exoplanet populations; and it can measure the composition and evolution history of the Universe.

The success story of lensing as an astrophysical tool is closely tied to technological advances, such as high-resolution imaging capabilities (e.g. the Hubble Space Telescope, adaptive optics on large ground-based telescopes, radio interferometry), large telescopes and wide-field cameras, time-resolved photometry in crowded fields, as well as advanced statistical techniques. For a number of current and future large-scale astronomical surveys such as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, the Euclid and WFIRST satellites, lensing is one of the main science drivers.

This class will cover the lensing formalism, and discuss lensing applications and techniques.

Structure The content will be a mix of lectures, homework assignments - both analytic calculations as well as simple inferences from actual data (for example, downloading an image from the Hubble Space Telescope archive to measure strong lensing features of a galaxy and inferring its mass) - and paper discussions.

Prerequisites None, though familiarity with basic astrophysical and cosmological concepts will be helpful. The data homeworks can be completed using the computers at the Math SINC site, or other Linux or MacOS computers. Programming experience is not assumed; any necessary programming tools will be introduced in python. The course is also suited for advanced undergraduates.

Class times: Mondays + Wednesdays 10:00 - 11:20am
                      ESS 450

Instructor: Anja von der Linden
                      anja . vonderlinden AT stonybrook . edu
                      ESS 453

Office hours: Mondays 2-3pm; Wednesdays 4-5pm

Textbooks: There is no textbook requirement for this class. To expand upon the material covered in class, the following textbooks are recommended:

For an overview of extragalactic astronomy, including detailed introductions on lensing, the following is highly recommended:

Grading: 60% homework
                 20% paper / homework presentations
                 20% participation in class discussions